Postcoital vaginal rupture after hysterectomy presenting as generalised peritonitis

Postcoital rupture that is vaginal a unusual but well documented complication of hysterectomy. Evisceration associated with the intestine that is small genital bleeding and pelvic discomfort are normal presenting features. We report the uncommon instance of genital rupture presenting with generalised peritonitis without genital evisceration.

Postcoital rupture that is vaginal an unusual but well documented problem of hysterectomy. Evisceration regarding the little intestine is a very common presenting function and may also be associated with genital bleeding and pelvic discomfort. These signs often happen during or right after sex therefore the diagnosis is self obvious. We report the case that is unusual of rupture presenting with generalised peritonitis without genital evisceration 4 times after sexual intercourse and 10 months after having a laparoscopic hysterectomy.

Situation history

A woman that is 35-year-old to your accident and crisis department having a 4-day reputation for abdominal discomfort. The pain was generalised, progressive and colicky in nature. It had been connected with anorexia, vomiting and constipation for 48 hours. She admitted to being intimately active but denied any unusual discharge that is vaginal bleeding. At that right time, neither ended up being she asked straight if the start of discomfort coincided with intercourse nor did she volunteer these details. Her previous health background contains a laparoscopic hysterectomy ten months earlier in the day for dysfunctional uterine bleeding and pelvic discomfort, hypothyroidism and bowel syndrome that is irritable.

On assessment, the in-patient seemed unwell with significant stomach discomfort. Initial findings revealed a temperature of 37.4єC, a blood that is systolic of 121mmHg and a tachycardia of 103 beats each minute. Her stomach ended up being swollen with generalised peritonism and tenderness. Rectal and examinations that are vaginal not done within the crisis division. Inflammatory markers had been raised by having a cell that is white of 15.9 x 103/µl and a C-reactive protein amount of 180mg/l. Ordinary x-rays regarding the upper body and stomach showed dilated bowel that is small and free atmosphere beneath the diaphragm ( Fig 1 ).

Preoperative chest x-ray showing free atmosphere under the diaphragm

She ended up being called to your on-call basic doctor with peritonitis additional up to a perforation of a viscus that is hollow. The on-call basic doctor verified the findings and diagnosis and proceeded to a crisis laparotomy. At surgery, pneumoperitoneum had been found with reduced purulent contamination associated with the cavity that is abdominal. An extensive study of the belly, little bowel and colon neglected to recognize a perforation. a better assessment associated with the pelvis revealed a perforated genital stump and localised adhesions. The genital stump problem ended up being closed with nonabsorbable sutures and a washout regarding the peritoneal cavity had been done. a drain that is pelvic kept in situ. The patient’s course that is postoperative associated with discomfort and ongoing sepsis but there is a good reaction to intravenous antibiotics without any further problems. On direct questioning during this period, she confirmed that her signs had started immediately after sexual activity. She ended up being released house from the 7th postoperative day.


Rupture for the genital vault is an uncommon but well recognised complication of hysterectomy, separate of medical approach. It could happen throughout the very very first postoperative work of sexual intercourse, 1 within months of surgery 2 or since belated as 15 years after surgery. 3 people with postcoital genital rupture often current in 24 hours or less associated with occasion 2 , 4 and report a primary relationship with sexual activity. Evisceration associated with the little bowel, pelvic discomfort and vaginal bleeding are normal features 5 , 6 and then make the diagnosis self evident.

Our situation is uncommon for many reasons. Firstly, there is a substantial wait in presentation: the individual introduced four times following the precipitating occasion. Next, she did not volunteer information regarding the start of her signs coinciding because of the act of sexual activity. Thirdly, she had medical findings of generalised peritonitis and never the typical symptoms that are vaginalevisceration of tiny bowel, bleeding). Because of this, she had been referred to a surgeon that is general to not ever a gynaecologist.

An extensive search of PubMed identified just one comparable reported situation of atypical presentation of postcoital genital rupture but the findings had been of localised peritonitis just. 7 on the other hand, a thorough literary works review in 2002 posted by Ramirez and Klemer about this subject found 59 cases of post-hysterectomy genital evisceration over a length of over a hundred years. 6 A lot of these instances took place in postmenopausal ladies, a tremendously various client subgroup to your situation. Coitus ended up being the most typical causative element for significant genital vault injury within the premenopausal patients. In hindsight, a more focused inquiry and preoperative genital assessment within our client might have revealed the diagnosis.

We have reported this instance to emphasize vault that is vaginal as an unusual but feasible reason for generalised peritonitis in this subgroup of females. Where hardly any other cause is clear, a concentrated gynaecological history and assessment ought to be acquired to assist diagnosis and direct administration underneath the appropriate medical group. General surgeons should know this unusual reason behind pneumoperitoneum and peritonitis because the preoperative diagnosis may effortlessly be missed plus an inexperienced surgeon could even skip the diagnosis intraoperatively, ensuing in an erroneously negative laparotomy.