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1. Explain community-policing. List the advantages and disadvantages of community policing. Detail the two most points that are important police agencies in utilizing this perspective.
Community Policing brings police and citizens together to avoid crime and solve neighborhood problems. The emphasis is on stopping crime before it happens, not responding to calls for service after the crime occurs with community policing. Community policing gives citizens more control over the well being in their community. Community policing means police become the main neighborhood. It will help police get a significantly better sense of resident’s needs and helps residents to produce greater trust in the police. In essence the grouped community joins law enforcement department. Those “who believe that community policing is practiced in their neighborhood are more likely to express favorable opinions associated with police.”(Weitzer & Tuch, 2006, p. 45) Together, in partnership, the city and police department work together to produce a goal that is common of safer, better place to live. It is “democracy for action.”(BJA, August 1994, p. 4).
Community policing sometimes appears as an effective way to promote public safety and also to enhance the standard of living in a community. Community policing plays a role that is pivotal the two defining elements of policing: police-community relations and problem-solving. “First, it should broaden police organization goals …Second, it should affect the way police are organized to perform their goals.” (Weisburd & Braga, 2007, p. 47) Active participation is necessary from the local government to the average citizen to ensure that community policing to function. Most people are in charge of safeguarding the welfare associated with the neighborhood. The goals of policing are expanded and the perception of community is changed unlike traditional policing methods. Traditional policing assumes that the problems of society are not within the world of the police department. Traditional police departments are strictly reactive and don’t look beyond efficiently resolving the immediate incident in front of you. Police officers are tied to the dispatcher and rarely have enough time to accomplish a lot more than answer one call after another. The authorities department, as a company, separates itself from the populous city’s infrastructure and from city services.
Implementing community policing changes the dwelling of policing and just how it is managed. Community policing helps build up and strengthen the community. Moreover it links the police plus the community together. The partnership that develops with time can help the police ultimately get the underlying causes of crime within the neighborhood. Through getting the grouped community involved, the authorities have more resources available to them to greatly help in crime prevention. By familiarizing themselves because of the members of the city, officers are more likely to obtain valuable details about criminals and their activities. Also they are more likely to obtain a reliable evaluation associated with needs of citizens and their expectations regarding the police.
As previously stated, community policing plays a part that is major police-community relations and problem-solving. So that you can develop a partnership utilizing the community, first the authorities must form a relationship that is great the neighborhood. The police must make an effort to involve the neighborhood with its pursuit to manage crime. Most community concerns and solutions are identified through problem-solving. The objective will be to reduce crime and disorder by diligently examining the attributes of concerns in communities and then using the best suited solutions that are problem-solving.
With any way of policing you will find likely to be advantages and disadvantages. One of college homework helper several advantages that are main community policing is that it reduces fear in the community. The residents feel more secure with an increase in police presence in the neighborhood. This sense of security helps the police establish trust in the community. As citizen are more active in looking after their community, they begin to determine what officers actually do on a basis that is day-to-day. This improves police-community relations. Ultimately, well being for the grouped community improves and crime is reduced. Another advantage is that community policing is flexible and with the capacity of changing. The solutions and methods change while the community changes. If a plan works in a single community it does mean that it n’t will continue to work in most communities. Community policing allows the city to come up with solutions which will work inside their neighborhood that is own and change or eliminate the ones that usually do not work. Community policing could be implemented in a number that is limitless of. This is especially valid of problem-solving. They both are just limited by one’s imagination. Community policing offers an array of benefits. Making use that is effective of talents and resources available within communities can help extend severely strained police resources. Also, reduced levels of crime will allow more police resources to be assigned to services which have the greatest impact from the quality of community life.
A disadvantage that is major that the only way that community policing has been community involvement.
There has to be a proven partnership between your police officers while the community. Any attempts at community policing will fail without the trust and involvement of the community. “Police and there partners that are would-be not necessarily value the same, as well as compatible, things” (Thacher, 2001, p. 766). Effective community policing requires a commitment that is long-term everyone involved. It is really not a fix that is quick. Ongoing relationships must be maintained and established. Another disadvantage to community policing is making sure that the people that are right heading up the project. The main focus must certanly be of enhancing the community and never utilizing the program to advance their particular career that is personal agendas. Also, programs like community policing could be regressive. Oftentimes if you find an issue that requires help from the community it appear to be the same people always step forward. These are usually the homeowners that have longstanding ties to your community. Community policing requires involvement that is everyone’s not merely the homeowners.
“Over a decade after it had been first introduced, community policing continues to be the most important innovation in American policing today.” (Forman, Autumn 2002, p. 1) The advantages of implementing community policing still outweigh the disadvantages. Obtaining the community on the website side can simply benefit law enforcement inside their aid to control and give a wide berth to crime. Also, using the police more involved in the daily activities regarding the community will aid in the revitalization of the community. This will probably only happen if both law enforcement therefore the community are willing to put in the full time, effort, and patience that’s needed is when implementing the community policing program.